Luke 3:1-2-It is now the 15th year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar (he reigned from 14-37 A.D., making it 29 A.D.). Pontius Pilate (cf. March 18, Luke 1:1-23) is the governor of Judea. Philip was “tetrarch”…which means “ruler of one quarter of a given territory” (Ryrie). Annas and Caiaphas were high priests. This is the political and religious setting into which John the Baptist arrived.
Luke 3:2-14-“the word of God came to John”. John begins to preach around the area of the Jordan River. His message is a call for repentance, a turning away from sin…so that their sins might be forgiven. This forgiveness is based upon that which the prophet Isaiah had proclaimed. He warns against the thought that one would go to Heaven simply because they were born of Jewish heritage. It is not the root of the tree that is evidence of a relationship with God…but the fruit of the tree that is such evidence. When questioned by the crowd about what this fruit is, “What shall we do?”, Jesus identifies specific ways that people treat each other. The evidence, the fruit, of our relationship with God is not based on who we are related to (our ancestors), but how we relate (our neighbors).
Luke 3:15-18-The people are beginning to wonder if John is the Messiah…but He quickly corrects this misunderstanding. He says that he is the one who prepares the way for the coming of the Messiah.
Luke 3:19-20-John would be imprisoned by Herod because he publicly denounced his relationship with his brother’s wife.
Luke 3:21-22-John baptizes Jesus and the Holy Spirit descends upon Him in the form of a dove. God the Father confirmed Who Jesus was by speaking audibly…His voice was heard by those present. Here we see the Trinity…Father, Son,and Holy Spirit.
Luke 3:23-Jesus began His ministry at the age of 30.
Luke 3:23-38-(Ryrie) “Joseph was Jacob’s son by birth (Matt. 1:16) and Eli’s son by marriage. This is apparently the genealogy of Jesus through His mother, Mary.”
For insight into the genealogy of Jesus see:
Prayer: Father, please help me to stand firm and to live faithfully…despite what the outcome may be. Help me to be like John…a man who unreservedly preaches Your word.